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Safety
NUCLEAR

Nuclear technology is subject to the very strictest safety demands. Nuclear materials are special fissionable materials and source materials, such as uranium, plutonium and thorium. These materials are suitable for the production of nuclear energy.During normal operation, nuclear power plants can release minute amounts of radiation into the air. These releases originate as fission and activation products generated by nuclear reactions in the reactor and by the decay of these products through ventilation systems within the plant. The radioactive material is collected by the ventilation systems into gaseous waste streams where they pass through various activity monitors and undergo treatment before being released into the atmosphere.

Radiation shielding is often required in industrial radiography and non-destructive testing (NDT) applications. It can be used to protect sensitive components and the equipment operator from x-rays emitted by industrial x-ray systems – thus enabling effective and efficient quality control in a safe workplace environment.

Grades of high performance plastics like High density borated polyethyleneare increasingly used in nuclear engineering applications and form the basis for new developments and improvements. They are characterised by a high resistance to gamma radiation and outstanding mechanical strength and has been used as medical and industrial neutron shielding. It is a light-weight, cost-effective and easily fabricated solution for a wide variety of neutron-shielding needs.

Most radioactive fields consist of different types of radiation. The most common include fast neutron, thermal neutron, primary gamma rays and secondary gamma rays. Borated polyethylenes are designed to attenuate these types of radiations.

Fast Neutrons are most effectively shielded by hydrogen. They have an inherently high concentration of hydrogen, over 13% of volume. Thermal Neutrons are shielded by polyethylene with the presence of boron, with 5% boron by weight. Primary Gamma Rays are best shielded with lead or other high-density materials. It is common to combine a lead lining in applications requiring attenuation of primary gamma rays. Secondary Gamma Rays are created by the capture of thermal neutrons by hydrogen. These captured gamma rays can be minimized by adding boron, resulting in a significantly reduced energy dosage of only .42 MeV.

  • Personnel and Cargo detection devices
  • Nuclear reactors and construction of nuclear powered vessels
  • Nuclear warships
  • Law enforcement laboratories
  • Medical vaults and doors for linear particle accelerators
  • Research applications such as simulation of radiation damage
  • X-rays facilities in doctors, dentists and veterinarians offices
  • Security Scanners used in sea ports, airports and border protection internationally
  • nuclear storage, transport containers and nuclear detection systems
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